Méndez plays Arban


On LP:

Méndez recorded Arban Single Tongue Exercises (No. 18 - No. 38) for Carl Fischer , Inc. on LP in the early 1960.

Advice (taken from back of LP cover):

He selected these Etudes because they demonstrate clearly two of the most important factors in fine trumpet playing - controlled single tonguing and clear, precise attack. These two factors are closely related as attention to the recordings will reveal. The tongue is really a valve which starts and stops the tone by releasing and stopping the air stream.

To produce clear attack, the tongue tip should be pointed and placed exactly on the line between and behind the upper two front teeth. During sustained tone, the tongue relaxes to normal position with tip behind the lower teeth.

Two different methods may be used in stopping the tone:

First, and most practical, is to cut the air stream with the throat - which may be gradual or sudden.

Second, by raising the tip of the tongue to the same position as for the attack. In tonguing, all forms of muscular twitching of mouth, lips, cheeks or chin must be avoided. Such movement will impair clean, sharp attack because it hinders free natural movement of the tongue. These unnecessary movements can be avoided by firmly drawing the lip muscles towards the center, holding the lips firm by tightening the corners of the mouth and making sure to avoid stretching of lips or tensing the throat muscles.

Méndez suggests these Arban Etudes be practiced with a metronome set at the tempo in which he plays the first few measures of Etudes 19 to 23, thus gaining a chance to observe every note individually and to attain uniform attack. As control is attained in the initial slower tempo, the tempo should be gradually increased to and beyond the speed at which the complete Etudes are recorded.

He suggests the performer practice with the recordings -  and that the performer "make every note a solo".

On CD:

In 1995 all tracks from the LP was remastered and presented on the CD Rafael Méndez The Legacy (track 11 -  playing time:15:27)

Sound samples (in MP3):